Iraqi Journal of Science http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs <p>Iraqi Journal of Science (IJS) is a blind peer reviewed open access journal issued by the College of Science at the University of Baghdad. It is a monthly journal that publishes original research articles in a wide range of subjects. The prestigious interdisciplinary editorial board in the journal reflects the diversity of subjects covered in the journal. The journal is being published since 1956.</p> <p>The journal is basically self – financed by applying fees on the researcher’s work published in the journal. However, the journal is also supported by the college of science at the University of Baghdad.</p> College of Science - University of Baghdad en-US Iraqi Journal of Science 0067-2904 Embedded Electronics Applied in Remote Laboratories Using NodeJs http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3871 <p>A description of the implementation of integrated practical work in a remote laboratory was presented in this paper. The student, in real time, can access an online web page in order to manipulate a practical work of digital electronics. This work is based on the use of an embedded system PcDuino. The hardware architecture and software solutions are described, as well as the supervision tool that allows the student to follow changes in the output states of the Practical Work remotely.</p> Amine Moulay Taj Abdelmoula Abouhilal Naima Taifi Abdessamad Malaoui Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 1 6 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.1 Cost Effective Open Educational Platform to Face the Challenge of Massification in Cadi Ayyad University http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3872 <p>This work presents the UC@MOOC project as a pedagogical innovation to face the effects of massification that are making Moroccan universities endure many constraints for the past ten years, as well as other African universities. It aims, among its objectives, to cope with the massification factor and to overcome the language difficulties encountered by students. In this project, our top priority is to reduce academic failure then we will get to the point of responding to the training' needs. Courses are scripted and posted online which did not require many resources, so their production cost is relatively low. Audiovisual digital content also helps us to save time, and go to a hybrid teaching or even flipped classrooms in some cases. The idea is not to suppress the face-to-face courses but, instead, to place teachers at the center of this educational innovation. The online posting of free content allows students to deepen knowledge autonomously and independently. We will present the low-cost economical model that has been used to support this initiative and the challenges that we are facing. Some provided ideas on the critical success factors of this initiative will be described and discussed.</p> Abdellah J. Idrissi Khalid Berrada Rachid Bendaoud Khadija El Kharki Said Machwate Abdellatif Miraoui Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 7 16 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.2 Modeling Of Digital Media In The Management Of Educational Performance In Morocco School’s http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3873 <p>Faced with the increasing opening of the education and training sector on the digital world, the actors of this sector are called to develop alongside the disciplinary and pedagogical skills other strategic and technological skills that allow to offer the adequate conditions to manage their establishments.<br>Today, the pedagogical director is called to master an important set of technical and technological tools and this for two complementary reasons, the first is the knowledge of educational and pedagogical and the second is innovation in managerial practices<br>Our intervention is part of a comparative approach in which we will verify the degree of use of technological tools by our population of directors (123) private and public<br>Then, we will try to model the different IT tools and check their impact on managerial practices.<br>Finally, we point out all the human, technical, social and cultural constraints that hinder the process of the integration of ICT in managerial practices by proposing a set of suggestions likely to attach the motivation and will of managers in technology. of their practices</p> Abderrazak Mazouak Mustapha Bassiri Imad Lamniai Jaouad Muftisada Malika Tridane Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 17 23 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.3 The Development of Entrepreneurial Culture Among Students Through Innovation: Case of Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3874 <p>Entrepreneurial culture has emerged as a powerful means of development in many countries of the world and can be regarded as a source of innovation and as a key to sustainable unemployment.<br>The national economic outlook, which was established by the High Commission for Planning, predicts economic growth of only 2.6% in 2016, this growth will not provide sufficient employment.<br>Morocco seeks to foster the entrepreneurial spirit of young Moroccans in order to encourage the creation, development of enterprises and the remuneration of investment in the service of employment through various policies that promote the " innovation.<br>Students and university graduates (including students from Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University in Fez) are the most involved social group. Through this research, we will try to describe the entrepreneurial culture of students through a field study.<br>Our article is structured in the following way. In the first part, we try to treat the entrepreneurial culture by trying to take a general look, first of all, on its definition, then on the myths of entrepreneurship. In our second part, we talk about the entrepreneurial culture at the Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University and the promotion of this culture among students through a field survey.<br>Since 2011, the university has also initiated the program "innova project", whose mission is to organize training courses for business creation and innovation for the benefit of students from different institutions.</p> Aicha EL Azzaoui Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 24 31 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.4 The Reduce of CO2 Emissions in Morocco: Case Study in A Landfill http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3875 <p>In a global context increasingly concerned with climate change, understanding the impact of economic growth on the environment is becoming crucial, especially for developing countries. Morocco has been committed to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to achieve the objectives set for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 13% by 2030, with 2010 as the reference year. Such a target could reach 32% by the same horizon under certain technical, financial and capacity building support conditions.<br>The main emitters of greenhouse gases (CH4 and CO2) are landfills because during the decomposition of solid waste CO2 is the most present gas pollutant is for this reason focuses this case study carried out in a landfill located in Fez, the development of a new calculation method or we could have a reduction in CO2 41261,69 teq CO2/year and with a yield of 85%.</p> Amine Moulay Taj Fouzi Belmir Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 32 35 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.5 Applying a Risk Management Approach in Controlling QMS Processes and Interactions with the Relevant Interested Parties: The Case of an Airport http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3877 <p>Fes Airport, run by the National Airports‟ Office in Morocco, aspires to be certified by the ISO 9001: 2015 standard; Hereby, it has to meet the needs of the stakeholders‟ expectations in an attempt to promote the airport activities, it has also to take into consideration the risks that are related to the various actors who have well-set priorities and expectations.<br>The aim of this article is to shed light on the interconnection between the various participants in an attempts to meet the new requirement 4.2 of the ISO 9001: 2015 and to examine the dangers of the integrated management system (QSE) taking into consideration the proposal of an action plan to monitor interfaces, and to promote the application of an integrated approach, in collaboration with concerned participants as well as the amelioration of an integrated management system to realize the various goals set by the different participants and satisfy the passengers.</p> Belmir Fouzi Hanae El Idrissi Jebbour Nouzha Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 36 43 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.6 The Use of Predictive Analyzes for University Dropout Cases http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3878 <p>We will also derive practical solutions using predictive analytics. And this would include application making predictions with real world example from University of Faculty of Chariaa of Fez. As soon as student enrolled to the university, they will certainly encounter many difficulties and problems which discourage their motivation towards their courses and which pushes them to leave their university.<br>The aim of our article is to manage an investigation of the issue of dropping out their studies. This investigation actively integrates the benefits ofmachine learning. Hence, we will concentrate on two fundamental strategies which are KNN, which depends on the idea of likeness among data; and the famous strategy SVM, which can break the issues of classification.<br>Thanks to predictive analytics, we can come up concrete solutions to decrease this issue. Therefore, our case study was specifically limited to University of Chariaa-Fez, Morocco.</p> Iraqi Journal of Science Hachem Harouni Alaoui Elkaber Hachem Cherif Ziti Mustapha Bassiri Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 44 51 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.7 Modern Probabilistic Model: Filtering Massive Data in E-learning http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3879 <p>So muchinformation keeps on being digitized and stored in several forms, web pages, scientific articles, books, etc. so the mission of discovering information has become more and more challenging. The requirement for new IT devices to retrieve and arrange these vastamounts of informationaregrowing step by step. Furthermore, platforms of e-learning are developing to meet the intended needsof students.<br>The aim of this article is to utilize machine learning to determine the appropriate actions that support the learning procedure and the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) so as to find the topics contained in the connections proposed in a learning session. Ourpurpose is also to introduce a course which moves toward the student's attempts and which reduces the unimportant recommendations (Which aren’t proper to the need of the student grown-up) through the modeling algorithms of the subjects.</p> Hachem Harouni Alaoui Elkaber Hachem Cherif Ziti Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 52 58 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.8 Cloud Computing Platform for Mentoring Trainees: The Case of the Professional Training of Midwives in Morocco http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3880 <p>The digital transformation invites several solutions to optimize professional training. Its particularity lies in the management, conservation and securing of their data to each of the players. The use of the electronic learning booklet with Cloud computing aims to be simple and intuitive, it creates interaction and makes it possible to strengthen the links of the trinomial (Student, Educational tutor, supervisor on a training)<br>We thought of using a online platform tool using Cloud Computing Technology to overcome the limitations of the "paper" learning booklet. This technical-pedagogical system makes it possible to save all data of the apprentice through evaluation grids and follow-up sheets, both during training periods and in theoretical training, according to periods decided by the training institution. The adoption of this imperative of qualification and technological integration retains the role of each of the actors: the student, the pedagogical supervisor and the supervisor on a training course. In this strategic vision, we have conceptualized and implemented an Electronic Learning Booklet (ELB) for integrative professionalization.<br>Our Research Methodology is based on an engineering of the training devices. Initially we will present the context of the research project ELB. In this framework, we will present our problematic centered on the management of technical invention and pedagogical innovation in the framework of training of Midwives in Morocco. In a second step, we will discuss the qualitative and quantitative results of the statistical analysis of our target sample.<br>By crossing the results of the study with the validation interviews, which confound and invalidate our starting hypothesis. LEA is a powerful vector of quality and academic performance of midwifery training.</p> Imad Lamniai Mustapha Bassiri Abderrazak Mazouak Said Belaaouad Malika Tridane Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 59 67 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.9 The Use of CUSB Model to Simplify Business Plans the Case of the Promotion of A Heritage Site in Morocco http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3881 <p>In today‟s fierce competitive world, entrepreneurship has taken an upswing because business owners are facing a technological challenge in which uniqueness and particularity are key elements to detour rivals. In this essence, entrepreneurs have to go by not only developing business plans but also a deep analysis of their environment.<br>Business plans for entrepreneurs can take different models depending on the party that will evaluate its elements based on its requirements. However, there exists a basic format that most entrepreneurs follow. Because of time constraints, business owners are urging its usefulness and so are the investors. Business plans are all about nailing down the business idea into writing and analysis, while this seems a feasible task; there are plenty of external and internal research to be set set in order to accomplish it. Within these measures in place, there exists a quick yet effective model that could carry on the thought and set the startup business into action.<br>The model is called business plan canvas; it is based on the CUSB model that serve both the business owner and or the investor to better catch on the business idea and understand its objectives and requirements starting by the customer, the non satisfied need, the solution, and the benefits to be offered. It is also a model that helps the potential entrepreneur to sell his thoughts in order to get some funds, counseling, and a road map to follow for his future business endeavor.</p> Jorio Houda Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 68 81 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.10 Using Temperature and Humidity Wireless Sensor and An Arduino Board to Characterise and Verify Climatic and Thermostatic Chambers on A Webpage According to Standard NF X 15-140 http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3882 <p>Environmental controls, especially for temperature and humidity, are essential to maintain the safety, purity and effectiveness of drugs. The measurement of humidity can be particularly difficult and important in climatic and thermostatic chambers (warehouses, ovens, cold rooms, fridges, drying rooms, insulated boxes, etc.).<br>The old method of monitoring and qualification of climatic and thermostatic chambers requires placing a defined number of recorders, then programming and store them. After that, to examine the values recorded to revolve the status of the climatic and thermostatic chambers, if they are compliant or not-complaint at any time, so all that goes to waste time and efficiency of values.<br>We can do the monitoring and qualification of climatic and thermostatic chambers; we can verify the status of our chambers compliant or not-compliant, and this in favor to an original system that we developed.<br>Our system can be used to allow staff to qualify and receive warnings or to autonomously regulate our physical quantities when environmental parameters do not meet specifications.<br>Our work consists of 3 distinct steps:<br>1. Collecting data from the sensors;<br>2.&nbsp; The transfer of these data to a database;<br>3. Data recovery through the web page [1].</p> Lamkharbach Yassine Berrada Mohammed Bazi Fathallaah Bouamrani Mouna Latifa Brighal Hajar Bassiri Mustapha Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 82 89 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.11 Bio-charge Elastic Characterization for A Qualitative Perspective of Innovative Bio-Composite Materials http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3883 <p>In order to save natural resources, recycling necessarily becomes a top priority for all of us, to save exhaustible resources, produce green energy and preserve the environment.<br>In this perspective, we are trying to valorize a waste of animal origin, largely neglected by the actors of materials, through an industrial transformation into a biological charge to make new sustainable bio-composite materials.<br>Using a tensile test bench, we try to mechanically characterize this biomaterial of renewable resources that, unlike eco-composites, has been neglected by the material actors.<br>Obtained from waste, with a high recycling potential and from renewable resources, the bio-charge to be analyzed will be injected, later in different polymer materials in order to support the evolution of their physicochemical properties: resistance to elongation, wear, heat, corrosion, etc.<br>Consequently, we will be able to contribute to an eco-design of sustainable materials with safeguarding exhaustible resources and preserving our environment</p> M. Jammoukh K. Mansouri B. Salhi E. Abtal Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 90 95 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.12 The Role of Quality Management System in Promoting Innovation in Companies http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3884 <p>This article makes it possible to verify the role of quality management in strengthening the innovation process. The first hypothesis, according to which the quality (certification ISO 9001) influences the innovation positively, is confirmed for certain innovation indicators. Another hypothesis indicates that there are the levels of quality which develop the innovation process in diverse ways. The results indicate that for some domains of innovation, the performance of innovation of enterprises that have a very increased level of quality is higher than those of enterprises with an average quality, which in return is higher than those enterprises having a low quality level. Therefore, we discovered that the difference of performance innovation among enterprises having an average quality and those having a low level quality is not significant. This study suggests, thus, that in order to significantly ameliorate its innovation performance, the company must possess a quality system that is solidly established.</p> Marouane Saadia Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 96 103 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.13 Impacts of Corporate Citizens' Commitments on The Moroccan Consumer http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3886 <p>Our article seeks to understand how perceptions of social and societal responsibility of brands influence the process of consumer engagement. For this, we are interested in the specific expectations of consumers in terms of the social responsibility of the citizen brands they consume.<br>Our results indicate that a consumer perceives a brand as socially responsible if it assumes, in addition to its environmental and philanthropic responsibility, a health responsibility for the respect of the health of its consumers. Our results confirm the influence of social responsibility perceptions on consumer engagement with the brand and offer a new understanding of the relationship process at work.</p> Mohamed Belafhaili Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 104 110 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.14 Engineering Emotional Intelligence in Moroccan Primary School http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3887 <p>The Moroccan socio-economic context is more and more weakened by a dynamic of accelerated measures aimed at redressing the financial deficits of the state. The first emotionally impacted by this dynamic are parents and therefore their children who begin to live in a universe dominated by fluctuations and unforeseen events.<br>This article will therefore explore the emotional situation of Moroccan pupils at the beginning of schooling and identify their needs in this area, in order to initiate a dynamic of engineering emotional intelligence in primary school.<br>The study was carried out in 3 school groups in Casablanca on a mixed population of 160 pupils and was spread out over a month. The used tools comprised interviews with survey filling to measure the degree of awareness of emotions on the part of these pupils and their teachers. Subsequently, the population was subjected to two tests respectively of impulses control and team spirit.<br>The results show an initial dominance of emotions in the studied population and demonstrate the major interest of a gradual integration of emotional intelligence courses in the primary cycle of education.</p> Muftisada Jaouad Mustapha Bassiri Malika Tridane Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 111 117 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.15 Entrepreneurial and Information Systems Universities Applied to Master Students Management http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3888 <p>Entrepreneurship, from a few years ago, is considered as a determining factor of the economic performances in the countries sending development. Its structural role and the dynamism it impels in all economies is no more established. For this reason, in this paper we proposed to use a methodology based on entrepreneurial and information systems for management master students in Ibn Zohr University Morocco. This methodology permit to facilitate to create the proper project in different disciplinary fields.<br>Nowadays, all agents insist on the development of entrepreneurship as well as the creation of enterprises as a catalyst for global economic growth. In this spirit, the development of the culture of business creation among students is a key factor to emerge new generations of entrepreneurs driven by entrepreneurial passion for entrepreneurship and motivated by the culture of innovation. entrepreneurship mentality.<br>Indeed, academic training is one of the determinants that significantly affects the spirit of entrepreneurship among students and recent graduates, and therefore on economic development in general. two questions arise, how do Ibn Zohr University master’s students perceive entrepreneurship, and does academic training and entrepreneurship awareness impact the intention and desirability of entrepreneurship in his students? To answer these questions, we developed a quantitative practical study based on a survey administered and collected from the young master’s students of Ibn Zohr University in Agadir. Thus, the results of this study show that the intention, desirability and feasibility of young students with respect to entrepreneurship are associated with personal, professional, cultural and contextual characteristics. And they differ between the different institutions of Ibn Zohr University.</p> Mustapha Bengrich Saïd Bribich Abderrahman Messaoud Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 118 126 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.16 Boosting E-learner’s Motivation through Identifying his/her Emotional States http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3889 <p>The main objective of e-learning platforms is to offer a high quality instructing, training and educational services. This purpose would never be achieved without taking the students' motivation into consideration. Examining the voice, we can decide the emotional states of the learners after we apply the famous theory of psychologist SDT (Self Determination Theory). This article will investigate certain difficulties and challenges which face e-learner: the problem of leaving their courses and the student's isolation.<br>Utilizing Gussian blending model (GMM) so as to tackle and to solve the problems of classification, we can determine the learning abnormal status for e-learner. Our framework is going to increase the students’ motivation through utilizing the notion of agent. Furthermore, it helps to assess teacher with the learning efficiency through putting attention on the learners who have the problems to accomplish the courses' objectives.This will help educatorsto contribute to the intellectual andeducational development of their learners, to prepare them to face real-lifechallengesand to advancetheir academic careers.</p> Oussama Hamal Nour-Eddine El Faddouli Samir Bennani Moulay Hachem Alaoui Harouni Mustapha Bassiri Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 127 132 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.17 Engineering of An Innovative Oral Scientific Communication Device: Case of the Doctoral Training Context http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3890 <p>The use of a communication network in the closed loop control systems has many advantages such as remotely controlling equipment, low cost, easy to maintenance, efficient information transmission, etc. However, the Networked Control System (NCS) has many drawbacks, such as network-induce end-to-end time delay and packet loss, which lead to significant degradation in controller performance and may result in instability. Aiming at solving performance degradation in NCS, this paper propose to take the advantages and strength of the conventional Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID), Fuzzy Logic (FL), and Gain Scheduling (GS) fundamentals to design a Fuzzy-PID like-Gain Scheduling (F-PID-GS) control technique, which has been proved to be effective in obtaining better performance. The True Time toolbox is used to establish the simulation model of the NCS. Ethernet as a communication network is simulated for different load conditions and random packet loss. The design approach is tested on a second order stepper motor. The results obtained show the effectiveness of the proposed approach in improving the overall system performance.</p> Soufiane Zerraf Mustapha Bassiri Siham Zain MalikaTridane Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 133 140 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.18 IRAQI Academic Admission System: A Performance Analysis Evaluation http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3891 <p>The service quality of any information-based system could be evaluated by the high-end user in such a way that the system developer or responsible intently might use these user experiences to improve, develop and benchmark their system. In this paper, questionnaire implemented to rate to what extent the academic admission system as a web site achieves performance. Data were collected from 21 users of the system; all of them are highly educated and have the experience of using the site. Quadrant and gap analysis were implemented to evaluate the weakness and strength of the data. The major data analyses were performed on the data collected in terms of its importance and satisfaction to the users. A number of statistical tools have been utilized such as average value and standard deviation to accomplish the objective of this paper.</p> Sami Hasan Ammar A. Noori Al-Hamadani Talib M. Jawad Al Taleb Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 141 147 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.19 Implementable Self-Learning PID Controller Using Least Mean Square Adaptive Algorithm http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3892 <p>More than 95% of the industrial controllers in use today are PID or modified PID controllers. However, the PID is manually tuning to be responsive so that the Process Variable is rapidly and steady moved to track the set point with minimize overshoot and stable output. The paper presents generic teal-time PID controller architecture. The developed architecture is based on the adaption of each of the three controller parameters (PID) to be self- learning using individual least mean square algorithm (LMS). The adaptive PID is verified and compared with the classical PID. The rapid realization of the adaptive PID architecture allows the readily fabrication into a hardware version either ASIC or reconfigurable.</p> Sami Hasan Aya Moufak Ismael Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 148 154 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.20 Smart Routing Protocol Algorithm Using Fuzzy Artificial Neural Network OSPF http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3893 <p>The OSPF cost is proportionally indicated the transmitting packet overhead through a certain interface and inversely proportional to the interface bandwidth. Thus, this cost may minimized by direct packet transmitting to the other side via various probable paths simultaneously. Logically, the minimum weight path is the optimum path. This paper propose a novel Fuzzy Artificial Neural Network to create Smart Routing Protocol Algorithm. Consequently, the Fuzzy Artificial Neural Network Overlap has been reduced from (0.883 ms) to (0.602 ms) at fuzzy membership 1.5 to 4.5 respectively. This indicated the transmission time is two-fold faster than the standard overlapping time (1.3 ms).</p> Sami Hasan Abdulhakeem Amer Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 155 160 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.21 MRI Probabilistic Neural Network Screening System: a benign and malignant recognition case study http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3894 <p>This work is aimed to design a system which is able to diagnose two types of tumors in a human brain (benign and malignant), using curvelet transform and probabilistic neural network. Our proposed method follows an approach in which the stages are preprocessing using Gaussian filter, segmentation using fuzzy c-means and feature extraction using curvelet transform. These features are trained and tested the probabilistic neural network. Curvelet transform is to extract the feature of MRI images. The proposed screening technique has successfully detected the brain cancer from MRI images of an almost 100% recognition rate accuracy.</p> Sami Hasan Mays Yousif Talib M. J. Al-Talib Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 161 166 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.22 YouTube Keyword Search Engine Using Speech Recognition http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3895 <p>Visual media is a better way to deliver the information than the old way of "reading". For that reason with the wide propagation of multimedia websites, there are large video library’s archives, which came to be a main resource for humans. This research puts its eyes on the existing development in applying classical phrase search methods to a linked vocal transcript and after that it retrieves the video, this an easier way to search any visual media. This system has been implemented using JSP and Java language for searching the speech in the videos</p> Aymen Shakat Khaldun Ibraheem Arif Sami Hasan Yaser Dawood Mohammed A. Mohammed Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-13 2021-01-13 167 173 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.23 Boosting the Network Performance using Two Security Measure Scenarios for Service Provider Network http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3908 <p>Network security is defined as a set of policies and actions taken by a network administrator in order to prevent unauthorized access, penetrated the defenses and infiltrated the network from unnecessary intervention. The network security also involves granting access to data using a pre-defined policy. A network firewall, on the other hand, is a network appliance that controls incoming and outgoing traffic by examining the traffic flowing through the network. This security measure establishes a secure wall [firewall] between a trusted internal network and the outside world were a security threat in shape of a hacker or a virus might have existed</p> Mustafa Abdulkadhim Sami Hasan Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 174 179 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.24 Efficiently-manged Cloudly-Secured Mobile User Data Sharing Code Implementation http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3909 <p>Increasing Mobile Device on Cloud Technology will dominate the various industries. Cloud has different data storage and data protecting techniques that based on Data User (DU) and industry’s needs. In this paper, an efficient way of managing user data sharing via Mobile Agent (MA) also called Mobile Proxy (MP) is proposed. The role of Mobile Agent Authorize User to collect the data from Cloud like Proxy and supply data to another Client due to this missing of cloud data is not possible. Instead of access data for all clients, the proxy hold required data and share the customer because of this network reliability, Network Bandwidth, User Congestion, Data Security. Also, this proposed scheme have more functionality like Cloud Authentication, Data Owner (DO) Sending files to Cloud, Sending password, Send Mail and Send SMS. Suppose Data Users need to communicate and share information on Cloud with the help of Mobile Agent only. So, Data Users may be assured that whatever resource required in the cloud with the documents on their Mobile Agent in the office</p> Naeem Th. Yousir Sami Hasan Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 180 184 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.25 Demand-Adapted Service Oriented Architecture Using Lego Model http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3910 <p>Many developments happened in Service Oriented architecture models but with no details in its technology and requirement. This paper presents a new Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) to all Service Enterprise (SE) according to their demands. Therefore, the goal is to build a new complete architecture model for SOA methodologies according to current technology and business requirements that could be used in a real Enterprise environment. To do this, new types of services and new model called Lego Model are explained in details, and the results of the proposed architecture model in analyzed. Consequently, the complications are reduced to support business domains of enterprise and to start associating SOA methodologies in their corporate software.</p> Sami Hasan Omar Sabraldeen Aziz Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 185 190 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.26 Iraqi Digital Art: Origin and Evolution http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3911 <p>The current challenge facing our age is the information digitization, at the same time, there is a huge development in the interdisciplinary of technologies with sciences. In the last few years, the World witnessed a number of information challenges with different dimensions, including digital dimensions, which are called the digital world and the virtual world for authors and movie writers. Consequently, the digital art concept emerged that utilizes the computer in an efficient way and as a new technique for drawing. This art is considered a great leap for modern art. The influence of digital technology transformed traditional arts like painting and sculpture into new forms, from pure arts to virtual reality. The most important characteristics and advantages are reflected in saving time, effort, cost and area. Digitally, art would enrich Iraqi culture by employing Iraqi creativity. This paper targets the concept of digital art, characteristics of art in virtual society and presenting the history – origins and evolution – of digital art. A group of paintings have been created using Photoshop Cc, Photo Shop C5 and Art Rage programs.</p> Sanaa Mohsin Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 191 197 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.27 Highly-Performed Fuzzily-logicized Edge Detecting Algorithm for Noisy Handwritings http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3912 <p>The main targets for using the edge detection techniques in image processing are to reduce the number of features and find the edge of image based-contents. In this paper, comparisons have been demonstrated between classical methods (Canny, Sobel, Roberts, and Prewitt) and Fuzzy Logic Technique to detect the edges of different samples of image's contents and patterns. These methods are tested to detect edges of images that are corrupted with different types of noise such as (Gaussian, and Salt and pepper). The performance indices are mean square error and peak signal to noise ratio (MSE and PSNR). Finally, experimental results show that the proposed Fuzzy rules and membership function provide better results for both noisy and noise-free images.</p> Sami Hasan Shereen S. Jumaa Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 198 206 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.28 Unified Modelling Language (UML) Effect on the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) for a Software Development http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3913 <p>UML (Unfiled Modeling Language), known as the standard method for object-oriented (analysis and design) modeling, includes other languages which enables it to implement a prototype of the structure and behaviors of the product. This paper attempts to explore the observations about UML role on the cost of software maintenance, and hence on the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) of a software product. It is therefore important to investigate the benefits obtained through modeling..</p> Ahmed Altaher Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 207 209 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.29 Fuzzy PID Gain Scheduling Controller for Networked Control System http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3914 <p>The use of a communication network in the closed loop control systems has many advantages such as remotely controlling equipment, low cost, easy to maintenance, efficient information transmission, etc. However, the Networked Control System (NCS) has many drawbacks, such as network-induce end-to-end time delay and packet loss, which lead to significant degradation in controller performance and may result in instability. Aiming at solving performance degradation in NCS, this paper propose to take the advantages and strength of the conventional Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID), Fuzzy Logic (FL), and Gain Scheduling (GS) fundamentals to design a Fuzzy-PID like-Gain Scheduling (F-PID-GS) control technique, which has been proved to be effective in obtaining better performance. The True Time toolbox is used to establish the simulation model of the NCS. Ethernet as a communication network is simulated for different load conditions and random packet loss. The design approach is tested on a second order stepper motor. The results obtained show the effectiveness of the proposed approach in improving the overall system performance.</p> Osama Ali Awad Isra'a Laith Salim Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 210 216 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.30 FM Based Localization: A Proposed Improvement http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3915 <p>Localization is an essential issue in pervasive computing application. FM performs worse in some indoor environment when its structure is same to some extent the outdoor environment like shopping mall. Furthermore, FM signal are less varied over time, low power consumption and less effected by human and small object presence when it compared to Wi-Fi. Consequently, this paper focuses on FM radio signal technique and its characteristics that make it suitable to be used for indoor localization, its benefits, areas of applications and limitations.</p> Khitam Abdulnabi Salman Fatimah Abdulnabi Salman Sami Hasan Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 217 224 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.31 On-line Analytical Processing (OLAP) Operation for Outpatient Healthcare http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3916 <p>This paper presents an architecture for the data warehouse of outpatient healthcare (DWOP) as a data repository collects data from two different sources (Databases of outpatient healthcare and Excel files from hospitals) and provides storage, functionality and responsiveness to queries to meet decision makers requirements.<br>Successfully supporting managerial decision-making is critically dependent upon the availability of integrated, high quality information organized and presented in a timely and easily understood manner. “On-Line Analytical Processing (OLAP) is utilized for decision support to get interesting information” from the data warehouse with a rapid execution time. OLAP is considered one of Business Intelligence tools.</p> Talib M. J. Al Taleb Sami Hasan Yaqoob Yousif Mahd Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 225 231 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.32 Network Authentication Protocol Based on Secure Biometric NIDN http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3917 <p>In this paper an authentication based finger print biometric system is proposed with personal identity information of name and birthday. A generation of National Identification Number (NIDN) is proposed in merging of finger print features and the personal identity information to generate the Quick Response code (QR) image that used in access system. In this paper two approaches are dependent, traditional authentication and strong identification with QR and NIDN information. The system shows accuracy of 96.153% with threshold value of 50. The accuracy reaches to 100% when the threshold value goes under 50.</p> Muntasser S. Falih Fatima B. Ibrahim Mahmood K. Ibrahem Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 232 239 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.33 VoIP Speech Encryption System Using Stream Cipher with Chaotic Key Generator http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3918 <p>Recently, with the development multimedia technologies and wireless telecommunication, Voice over Internet Protocol, becomes widely used in communication between connecting people, VoIP allows people that are connected to the local network or the Internet to make voice calls using digital connection instead of based on the analog traditional telephone network. The technologies of Internet doesn’t give any security mechanism and there is no way to guarntee that the voice streams will be transmitted over Internet or network have not been intercepted in between. In this paper, VoIP is developed using stream cipher algorithm and the chaotic cryptography for key generator. It is based on the chaotic maps for generating a one-time random key used to encrypt each voice data in the RTP packet. Chaotic maps have been used successfully for encryption bulky data such as voice, image, and video, chaotic cryptography has good properties such as long periodicity, pseudo-randomness, and sensitivity to initial conditions and change in system parameters. A VoIP system was successfully implemented based on the on ITU-T G.729 for voice codec, as a multimedia encoding of Real-time Transport Protocol payload data, then, apply a proposed method to generate three-mixed logistic chaotic maps [1] and then analysis the encryption/ decryption quality measures for speech signal based this method. The experimental work demonstrates that the proposed scheme can provide confidentiality to voice data with voice over IP performance quality, minimum lost in transmitted packet, minimum average delay, and minimum jitter.</p> Mahmood Khalel Ibrahem Hussein Ali Kassim Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 240 248 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.34 Identifying Digital Forensic Frameworks Based on Processes Models http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3919 <p>Digital forensic is part of forensic science that implicitly covers crime related to computer and other digital devices. It‟s being for a while that academic studies are interested in digital forensics. The researchers aim to find out a discipline based on scientific structures that defines a model reflecting their observations. This paper suggests a model to improve the whole investigation process and obtaining an accurate and complete evidence and adopts securing the digital evidence by cryptography algorithms presenting a reliable evidence in a court of law. This paper presents the main and basic concepts of the frameworks and models used in digital forensics investigation.</p> Talib M. Jawad Abbas Ahmed Salem Abdulmajeed Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 249 258 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.35 Sustainable Empowerment as a Tool to Activate Brownfield http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3920 <p>The redevelopment of brownfields participate to sustainable urban development, it can make cities more valuable worth for community and more attractive for companies to settle down their projects through investment, and it can help to reduce expenditures for the construction of infrastructures and other services. Recent studies in brownfield redevelopment and investment have shown great interest in urban planning studies because of their negative effects on cities, they promoted sprawl, pollution, social and economic problems. There is a general agreement among researchers and experts that brownfield sites can be reused as green spaces, commerce centers, and residential projects. To promote sustainable urban development the role of the community must be strengthened and enabled to participate in the development process. The partnership between stakeholders such as community development organizations and investors are critical to promoting both communications and build confidence, which are important elements to a sustainable redevelopment program. The paper Highlights the role of community participation including society, public-private sector and local organization in activating brownfield projects through analysis several projects, from this analysis we point out that most of the brownfield project need huge corporation between community and public and private sector in addition to various disciplines such as urban planning, policy management and economic and environment aspect</p> Mays K. Hamdan Shaimaa Hameed Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 259 266 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.36 A Vehicle ID identification Architecture: A Parallel-Joining WSN Algorithm http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3921 <p>Several remote sensor network (WSN) tasks require sensor information join. This in-processing Join is configured in parallel sensor hub to save battery power and limit the communication cost. Hence, a parallel join system is proposed for sensor networks. The proposed parallel join algorithm organizes in section-situated databases. A novel join method has been proposed for remote WSNs to limit the aggregate communication cost and enhance execution. This approach depends on two procedures; section-situated databases and parallel join algorithm utilized to store sensor information and speed up processing respectively. A segment arranged databases store information table in segmented shrewd. The Parallel-Joining WSN algorithm is effectively feasible for two clear reasons. Firstly, the decisive join conveyed fragments. Secondly, parallel-joining is in the fly processed sensor data. Creatively, a parallel dispersed algorithm has been developed to gain time compared to the single disseminated algorithm.</p> Sami Hasan Abdulhakeem Amer Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 267 270 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.37 Customer Affecting-Satisfaction Factors in Electronic Banking Systems: Three Significantly Selected Research Perspectives http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3922 <p>The future of the highly competitive global banking is electronic banking via internet. This trend of electronic delivery of banking products and services is necessitated by the customers' demanding more Internet-customized daily transaction. Hence, customer affecting-satisfaction factors need to be thoroughly investigated in order to deliver efficient electronic banking. Consequently, this paper reviewed three approaches to reach the most influential customer affecting-satisfaction factors. These customer affecting-satisfaction approaches are prioritizing based on cause and effect relationships, understanding with the use of a questionnaire survey and better communicating using e-mail and social media. The pool of customer affecting-satisfaction factors is quality of services, reliability, privacy and confidentiality, site aesthetics, ease of use, convenience, communication speed (via e-mail and social media), fulfillment, responsiveness/contact, efficient and other future emerging factors. The most important factor results from first, second and third approach is the ease of use, friendly website navigation, and communication speed respectively.</p> Rahmah Mohammed Salih Saeed Al Ali Khan Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 271 275 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.38 Bibliographic Analysis on the Financing of Education Reform in Morocco http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3923 <p>The National Charter for Education and Training in 1999 defined the principles, pillars and main objectives of the Moroccan education system, building on the various reforms of the early twenty-first century and the attempt to breathe new life into this reference document. Through partial and incremental changes, a total inability to tackle the root causes of the Moroccan education system and training has been revealed. This research has been conducted to answer the questions of education in the foreground national concerns and priorities in the discourse of the main political actors in Morocco that have been raised and remain interesting and can be expressed in the following question: Morocco still fails to meet the challenge of educational reform, although a large part of the state budget is allocated to this sector. Should we increase funding for education or rather improve its governance and focus on accountability?</p> Zineb Azar Oussama Dardary Malika Tridane Said Benmokhtar Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 276 281 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.39 Influence of the School Orientation of the High School Students on Their School Career http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3924 <p>The orientation allows the individual to develop the capacity to become aware of his personal characteristics and to develop them in order to choose his studies, his training and his professional activities, in all the conjunctures of his existence, with the joint concern for the collective future of solidarity and the fulfillment of one's personality and responsibility». (Danvers, 1992,p. 190). This advice states that: orientation is a process closely associated with education and formation. It becomes effective if the steps include broad information on education and trades, and focuses on the social development and moral construction of the individual. The objective of this survey is to show the influence of the orientation of the pupils at the time of their passage from the midl school to the high school on their school course. It aims to find the causes of their misdirection to minimize its negative impact on their academic performance, on the choice of their higher education and subsequently on their future. Our research is based on an analysis of the results of a questionnaire intended for students of the common core (first year of high school) of the scientific, literary and technical, public institutions of the secondary school located in the region of Casablanca - Settat( Morocco), exactly in the regional direction of MoulayRachid-Sidi Othman, during the school year 2016/2017. It was preceded by a series of interviews with students, teachers, guidance counselors, and the director of the provincial center for information and help to orientation as well as with other stakeholders in the field of the education for the calibration of the vocabulary and Themes landed. Our survey allowed us to discover very important results on the influence of the orientation of the pupils on their school course that we are going to present and to discuss.</p> N.Chiboub M.Tridane S.Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 282 299 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.40 Modelization of the Personal Learning Environment in the Moroccan Higher Education http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3925 <p>Any research focusing on the teaching-learning process must focus on the learner, by mobilizing the various devices to facilitate and optimize learning. In this context, we introduce the integration of educational technologies into a personal learning environment (PLE). The PLE has significant potential for learning; namely self-construction and self-management of knowledge. According to Attwel (2007b), the development and improvement of PLE will lead to drastic changes in the way we use educational technology, as well as in the organization and ethics of education. With the present contribution, we try to modelize the PLE of students within institutions of higher education in Morocco. Based on data from a questionnaire put online using google forms, we have found that digital devices are ubiquitous in the daily lives of learners, but their practices are limited to distracting uses, and that the institutional framework remains more basic to manage their learning. The purpose of this study is to develop learning autonomy and to improve the way of using technologies through our student’s conception of the PLE.</p> Chrifi Ibtissam Tace Elmostafa Radid Mohamed Yazza Younes Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 300 304 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.41 Difficulties in Developing the Diagnostic Competence of Nursing Students At My Youssef Hospital in Casablanca: Descriptive Study http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3926 <p>This descriptive research aims atidentifying the difficulties encountered by nursing students in the development of nursing diagnostic skills. The data collection was carried out using a direct questionnaire with 62 students in My Youssef’s hospital in Casablanca. The results of the study list a set of failures related to the training of nurses. This training focuses mainly on the acquisition of knowledge; it is not aimed to the development of the real skill.</p> Iraqi Journal of Science Brahim Darraj Bouchra Gourja Abderrazak Faiq El Mostafa Tace Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 305 312 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.42 Education Reform: A Strategy for a School of Success http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3927 <p>Since independence in 1956, several attempts have been made to reform educational practices in the Moroccan education system, while going through several stages:Evaluation of the state of the Moroccan education system, determination of failures and the establishment of an effective strategy to improve the quality of education and training in the Moroccan public school.We focus on monitoring the establishment of the pillars of the reform, against the various difficulties that hinder the development of the education sector, from 1999 until today and towards the horizon of 2030. We provide data on the situation of the reform, then we analyze its various stages from a critical point of view, based on the reports of the court of auditors, to arrive at final proposals.</p> Oussama Dardary Zineb Azar Malika Tridane Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 313 321 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.43 Causes and Characteristics of Professional Mobility for Teachers in Morocco, Case of secondary School Teachers Who Have Chosen to Become Educational Guidance Counselors http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3928 <p>When it comes to changing one's profession after a several years of professional experience in a given field, It must be admitted that the person who adopts this approach is very persevering in the quest for self-realization. Thus, the search for improvement of the working environment and its conditions are often behind this type of choice. To try to understand this phenomenon of professional mobility, we conducted a study that concerning 1st cycle secondary school teachers who became guidance counselors and we focus on two parameters concerning this population: the causes that led them make this choice, and their socio-cultural characteristics (entry profiles). This information was collected via a questionary administered to all active guidance counselors. The results of this research led us to conclude a review of the flow of national education staff and to highlight the lack of professionals for certain subjects taught.</p> Abderrazak Faiq Brahim Darraj Azzeddine Atibi Mohamed Radid Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 322 326 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.44 Repository of Basic Digital Skills for Moroccan Doctoral Students “University Case of Study :Hassan II Casablanca” http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3929 <p>Being a doctoral student is not easy because it presupposes having a number of technical skills, among which digital skills, defined by the European Commission (2006) as "the safe and critical use of the technologies of the society of the information". and the variety of digital use in the personal and professional context, allows us to ask the question that any doctoral student should master and acquire in terms of digital skills? And on what basis can we define these skills?<br>In this work we expect to develop a baseline of digital skills, is a document that includes the set of essential digital skills that represents a fundamental tool for the doctoral student who can in no way bypass it. And for this, we conducted interviews with about thirty university professors from different faculties of Hassan II University inCasablanca to arrive to a draft of this reference system, then we proceeded to its validation with a second group of 45 teachers in the same university, while studying the correlations existing between the degree of importance of the fields of numerical competences and the belonging to a faculty of the university in question using the khi2 test.</p> Redouane Fikri Malika Tridane Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 327 331 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.45 Augmented Reality Towards A Simplified Pedagogical Scenario Case of Teacher Training in the Regional Centers for Education and Training in Morocco http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3930 <p>Augmented reality to qualify a new form of interaction between the user and the machine based on the association of real objects, from the user's environment, and virtual. In Morocco the use of this technology in the learning context remains in the embryonic phase that tries to overcome several issues (Profile of the designers, Users, and the learning scenario). Scripting is primarily a work of content design, resource organization, activity planning and mediations to induce and accompany learning. The integration of augmented reality (AR) requires the contribution of the different specialists who work on the design and realization of the scenario. While the CRMEF AR project. CRMEF is at the end of a first phase of development, this contribution answers the following research question: What are the steps of the scenario of learning with augmented reality? How to harmonize the mastery of data integration in scientifically validated 3D in the context of learning and the use of learners? For this purpose, the project aims to model and simplify the integration of AR in Regional Centers for Education and Training through anAR BANK OF OBJECTS validated by the National Scientific Committeein 3D format.</p> Imad Lamniai Mustapha Bassiri Abderrazak Mazouak Malika Tridane Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 332 337 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.46 Establishment of Causal Attribution as A Regulatory Strategy for Teaching and Learning http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3931 <p>The theme of causal attribution has generated a great deal of work and focuses on the factors to which people attribute their behavior. However, its use to explain the results of the evaluation and the support for the regulation of teaching and learning acts has rarely been raised. Indeed, in the evaluation act, which is a privileged moment for reframing the learning process, teachers attribute the results obtained to the student himself, without worrying about the factors to which the student attribute itself these failures. This can distort the regulatory process and increase failure factors. The teacher's attributions of failure often relate to the results of the evaluations and are often explained by factors external to him: such as the lack of commitment of the students, their incompetence and their degree of understanding. and these are internal factors for the student. The aim of this presentation is to show that: the regulation of the teaching and learning act should not only focus on the results of the evaluation but also on the factors to which the student himself attributes his own failure. Involving the student in the teaching act must also involve his involvement in the evaluation and regulation process.</p> Maziane Brahim Belaaouad Said Benmokhtar Said Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 338 347 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.47 Digital Governance of Moroccan School Establishments http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3932 <p>Digital technologies have come to shake up the traditional paradigm of learning, and to change the existing relationship of "know-teaching" to put in place a key concept of the time is "to accompany through digital tools Our intervention is part of a technical-pedagogical approach and will focus on an action research work in which we will try:<br>First, to present on line an accessible digital device that facilitates and organizes project planning and provides means to govern and control the quality of administrative acts.<br>Next, We will show the first results of the experimentation of this tool in our context of research represented by 355 directors of the secondary schools of the provincial delegation of Taza. Morocco, pointing out all the constraints and limitations that hampered its implementation.<br>Finally, we confirm that the use of this device by our sampling has caused a triple effect on their pedagogical practices: the professionalization of strategic planning on the one hand, and the governance of resources and the rationalization of pedagogical decisions on the other hand and immediate evaluation and regulation in the third phase.</p> Abderrazak Mazouak Malika Tridane Said Belaaouad Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 348 355 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.48 The Policy of Integration in Developing The Skills of People with Special Needs Through A Professional Didactic Approach “Analytical Field Study on the Reality of Integrated Classes in Azrou City” http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/3969 <p>In view of the importance of the educational act, and the effective role played by the school in building the society on the basis of solidarity and equal opportunities, as well as the rehabilitation of emerging generations to exercise their rights and duties, as well as integration into the world of knowledge, communication and in different social and environmental circles[1]. The process of integrating special needs children, in regular or integrated classes within regular public schools or specialized rehabilitation educational centers, is of great importance to these groups of society, their families and society in general[2]. Based on the above, the research will start by answering the followingquestions:</p> <p>How can the parents of children with special needs consider the educational process offered by the integrated classes? Can they have a different view of the fact that their children are being integrated? To what extent can educational performance of the integrated classes makes change on special needs children and their family environment? Where does the integration approach emerge through the educational process for special needs children?</p> <p>This study was conducted in the integrated classes in Azrou city depending of Ifrane provincial direction (National Education Ministry) in each of the following institutions:</p> <ul> <li>Imam Ali bin Abi TalibSchool</li> <li>Abdel Karim El KhattabiSchool</li> <li>Musa binNusairSchool</li> <li>Education section of the regional compound for people in specialneeds.</li> </ul> <p>In the period from September 2017 to February 2019 the study was conducted on a sample of special needs parents, as well as a sample of special needs children and on a sample of teachers working in the integrated classes.</p> <p>in this research we have adopted a descriptive analytical approach because it fits the nature of the study, which is classified as part of exploratory studies, where it requires the collection of information and facts on the problem presented by type of special needs and the selection of different samples from parents and the teachers in the integrated classes and children in a difficult situation by conducting interviews based on technical forms,</p> <p>The study showed that the integrated classes of Azrou city have changed the view for the parents about the integration of their children educationally in society according to several variables.</p> Siham Zain SoufianeZerraf Said Belaaouad Abderrahimkhyati Copyright (c) 2021 Iraqi Journal of Science 2021-01-18 2021-01-18 356 362 10.24996/ijs.2021.SI.1.49