Relation between Coronal Mass Ejections and Sunspot Number during Solar Cycle 24

  • Zeinab F. Hussein Department of Space and Astronomy, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad,Iraq
Keywords: Coronal mass ejection, Sunspot number, halo CMEs, partial halo CMEs and solar cycle

Abstract

In this study, we report a statistical study for the relationship between coronal mass ejections (CMEs) and sunspot number (SSN) that were registered during the period 2008-2017 for the solar cycle 24. SSN was extracted from Sunspot Index and Long-term Solar Observations (SILSO), while CMEs number from observations made by the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph (LASCO) on board the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory mission (SOHO). The present period was adopted to conduct the investigation and obtain the mutual correlation between SSN and CMEs. The relationship between CME, the speed of halo CME, and partial halo CMEs for solar cycle 24 were studied. The analysis of results indicated that the average speed of halo CMEs is almost faster than the average speed of partial halo CMEs.Test results of the annual correlation between SSN and CMEs are simple and can be represented by a linear regression equation. Finally, Gaussian fit as a function of time was performed to compare behavior of numbers the CME and SSN with the years and the results show that the center of the peaks agrees with 2014. 

Published
2019-08-26
How to Cite
HusseinZ. F. (2019). Relation between Coronal Mass Ejections and Sunspot Number during Solar Cycle 24. Iraqi Journal of Science, 60(8), 1860-1867. Retrieved from http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/921
Section
Astronomy and Space