3D Geological Modeling for Yamama Reservoir in Subba, Luhias and Ratawi Oil Fields, South of Iraq
3D geological model for each reservoir unit comprising the Yamama Formation revealed to that the formation is composed of alternating reservoirs and barriers. In Subba and Luhais fields the formation began with barrier YB-1 and four more barriers (YB-2, YB-3, YB-4, YB-5), separated five reservoirs (YR-A, YR-B, YR-C, YR-D, YR-E) ranging in thickness from 70 to 80 m for each of them deposited by five sedimentary cycles. In the Ratawi field the formation was divided into three reservoir units (YR-A, YR-B, and YR-C) separated by two barrier units (YB-2 and YB-3), the first cycle is missing in Ratawi field.
The study involves 1 well in Luhais field (Lu-12), 3 wells in Subba field (Su-7, Su-8, and Su-9), and 5 wells in Ratawi field (Rt-3, Rt-4, Rt-5, Rt-6 and Rt-7), the Luhais, Subba, and Ratawi fields located in the Mesopotamia zone (Zubair subzone).
The reservoir units (YR-C and YR-D) in Subba oil field, and YR-B in Ratawi oil field represent the major reservoir units that characterized by the best Petrophysical properties (the highest porosity, the lowest water saturation, and the best Net Pay Thickness), Luhais oil field has poor to moderate Petrophysical properties and low oil bearing in YR-A, YR-B and YR-C units, and produce heavy oil and salt water from YR-D and YR-E as indicated by low resistivity log reading, and according to the Drill Steam Test (DST) with the description of cutting in final geological reports.