3D Seismic Structural Study of the Lower Cretaceous Sequence in Kifl oil field_ central Iraq
This research focused up on the Seismic reflection study of a 268.7 km2 area located in the central of Iraq within the Karbala province (Kifl area). The seismic data were reprocessed by Anadarko Petroleum Corporation and its partners Dome International and Vitol with OEC in 2005, the result of processing works has improved the quality of seismic sections in most of the study area. The study area was interpreted by using 3-D seismic data from the Oil Exploration Company. By studying the seismic sections and applying seismic attributes (instantaneous phase) Faults were picked across 3D seismic volume of the studied reflectors. The study area affected by a major fault and minor normal faults, Two fault system has been observed in the study area; the major normal fault of (NW-SE) trending and minor normal faults of (NE-SW) trending, with a small displacement are influencing the studied reflectors (NahrUmr, Shuaiba, Zubair and Ratawi reflectors). Time, velocity and depth maps are prepared depending on the structural interpretation of the picked reflectors, The structural interpretation of these reflectors shows a structural anticline (Asymmetrical anticline) extending in NW-SE trend and plunges to the southeast with a dip angle about 5 degrees. and the general dip towards the east.