Indications of Liver and Kidney Functions in Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetic Patients
This study aimed at the investigation of abnormal liver and renal functions by biochemical manifestations of underlying metabolic abnormalities in relation to hyperglycemia in non-insulin-dependent diabetic patients. The study comprised 118 diabetic patients (56 males, 62 females) and 60 age-matched healthy non-diabetic controls (30 males, 30 females). All subjects were tested for serum levels of liver enzymatic indicators, which include aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP), as well as non enzymatic parameters, including total bilirubin and total proteins.Also, serum levels of renal function markers, including microalbumin, creatinine, urea, and uric acid were measured.
The findings of this study stated that serum ALT, AST, and ALP levels were significantly higher in diabetic males and females with both age ranges (40-59 & 60-80 years). Serum total bilirubin level showed a significant decrease in diabetic males and females of both age groups. However, total proteins level showed a significant increase in diabetic males and females of both age groups. The results also showed that the level of microalbumin in urine as well as those of creatinine, urea, and uric acid in the serum were significantly higher in diabetic males and females. The present study concludes that there is a bidirectional relationship of enzymatic and non enzymatic liver and renal functions markers with the hyperglycemic status in Type 2 diabetes mellitus.