Effect of Whey Protein Supplement on Physiological Parameters in Building Body Athletes

  • Amal K. Abbas Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
  • Qasim M. Fathi Department of Biology, College of Education, University of Anbar, Anbar, Iraq

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the adverse effect of whey protein supplement taken by athletes in some physiological parameters. (75) blood sample were collected from athletes whose take supplements of whey protein (experimental group), (25) blood sample of athletes who don’t take supplement (control group). Results showed a significant decrease (P ≤ 0.05) in the mean of hemoglobin level (Hb) and percentage of Packed Cell Volume (PCV) in the athletes group who take food supplement compared to control. The results also showed a significant increase (P ≤ 0.05) in the mean of White Blood Cells count (WBCs) in experimental group, Also the results show significant changes in differential white blood cells in the experimental group when compared with control group. There was a significant increase (P ≤ 0.05) in the number of neutrophils and monocyte and significant decrease (P ≤ 0.05) in the mean of lymphocyte in the experimental group compared with control group. There was also a significant increase (P ≤ 0.05) in the capacity of phagocytic activity of neutrophils in experimental group in compared with control group. There was a significant increase (P ≤ 0.05) in the levels of Aspartate amino Transferase (AST), Alanine amino Transferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) and Bilirubin in experimental group compared with control group.

Published
Jan 8, 2018
How to Cite
ABBAS, Amal K.; FATHI, Qasim M.. Effect of Whey Protein Supplement on Physiological Parameters in Building Body Athletes. Iraqi Journal of Science, [S.l.], p. 2332-2337, jan. 2018. ISSN 2312-1637. Available at: <http://scbaghdad.edu.iq/eijs/index.php/eijs/article/view/102>. Date accessed: 14 dec. 2018.
Section
Biology